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The Explanation of Hadith Jibril about Iman - Page 5

Also, it is said that the ‘Qur’an’ is the Speech of Allah and at the same time it is said that the Speech of Allah is not a letter or a sound. If someone said: How can we combine between these two?

 

 

We would say to him: The Arabic letters in the Qur’an are expressions referring to the eternal Speech of Allah, which is not a letter or a sound. The expression is not the self of what it is referring to. The Speech of Allah is without a beginning, without interruption, without an end; it does not resemble the speech of the creatures.

وَتَقريبُ ذَلِكَ أَنَّ الإنسانَ لَو كتب على الحَائطِ لَفظَ الجلالة "الله" ثُمَّ لو سُئِلَ ما هذا يقول: "الله" لا يعني بذلك أن هذا اللفظ هو الذات المقدس الذي نَعْبُدُهُ إنما هذا اللفظ هو عبارة عن الذت المقدس يدل على الذات المقدس الذي نَعْبُدُهُ. وكذلك اللفظ المنزلُ على سيدنا محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم عبارة عن الكلام الذاتي الذي ليس حرفًا ولا صوتًا، وكلٌّ يطلق عليه كلام الله، وكلٌّ يطلق عليه القرءان.

أَيضًا كلمةُ النَّارِ لو كتبها الإنسان لا تحترق الورقة.

To make this clearer, if someone wrote the word ‘Allah’ on the wall and was asked what it was he wrote, he would answer, ‘Allah’. His response does not mean those letters he wrote, i.e., the A, L, L, A, and H are the Self whom we worship (Allah). Rather he means that this term is an expression referring to the Self Whom we worship –Who is Allah, the Self Who does not resemble anything. Likewise, the terms revealed to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam are expressions of the Speech of Allah, the attribute of His Self. Both the attribute of the Self of Allah and the revealed expressions are referred to as the ‘Speech of Allah’ and both are referred to as the ‘Qur’an’.

Also, if someone writes the word ‘fire’ on paper it does not burn the paper.

ثُمَّ سيدنا موسى عليه السلام يسمى "كَليمُ اللهِ" مَعناهُ سَمِعَ كَلامَ اللهِ الذي ليسَ حرفًا ولا صوتًا. قال اللهُ تعالى: ﴿وَكَلَّمَ اللهُ مُوسَى تَكْلِيمًا سورة النساء / 164. أي أسمَعَهُ اللهُ كلامَهُ الأزليَّ الأبديَّ الذي لا يشبه كلام المخلوقين.

Moreover, our Master Musa, peace be upon him, is named the “Kalim of Allah”, it means that he heard the Speech of Allah, which is not a letter or a sound, and does not resemble the speech of the creatures, Allah ta^ala said in Verse 164 of Surat an-Nisa:

﴿وَكَلَّمَ اللهُ مُوسَى تَكْلِيمًا

فلا يجوزُ ان يعتقد إنسانٌ أن كلام الله الذاتي الذي هو صفة ذاته الذي سمعَه سيدنا موسى أنه لغة عربية أو غيرها من اللغات، هذا ضلال لأن فيه تشبيهًا لله بالمخلوقين. والله مباينٌ أي غير مشابهٍ للمخلوقات لا في الذات ولا في الصفات ولا في الأفعال.

So it is not permissible for one to believe that the Speech of Allah, which is the attribute of His Self, the Speech which Prophet Musa peace be upon him heard, is a language –Arabic or otherwise. Such a belief is a misguidance, because it entails likening Allah to the creatures. Allah is absolutely unlike all the creations in His Self, in His Attributes, and in His Actions.

وَمِن أوضَحِ الأدلة أَنَّ كَلاَمَ اللهِ لَيسَ حَرفًا ولا صوتًا قَولُهُ تعالى ﴿ثُمَّ رُدُّو~اْ إِلَى اللهِ مَوْلاَهُمُ الْحَقِّ أَلاَ لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَاسِبِينَ سورة الأنعام / 62.

اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَنتَهي مِن حِسَابِ العِبَادِ فِي لَحظَةٍ مِنْ مَوقِفِ من مواقِفِ القيامةِ، ويومُ القيامَةِ كُلُهُ خَمسونَ أَلفَ سَنَةٍ. حِسَابُ النَّاسِ أي توقيفُهُم على أعمالهم.

فلو كان حسابُ اللهِ لِخَلقِهِ مِنْ إِنسٍ وَجِنٍّ بِالحَرفِ والصوتِ ما كَانَ ينتهي من حِسَابِهِم في مائةِ أَلفِ سَنَةٍ لأَنَّ الخَلقَ كَثيرٌ ويأجوجُ ومأجوجُ وحدهم يوم القيامة البشر كلهم بالنسبةِ لهم كَوَاحِدٍ مِن مَائةٍ، وفي روايةٍ كَوَاحِدٍ من ألفٍ، وَبَعضُ الجِنِ يَعيشونَ ءالافًا من السنين، فلو كَانَ حِسَابُ الخًلقِ بالحَرفِ والصوتِ لكانَ إبليسُ وَحْدَهُ يأخُذُ حسابه وقتًا كثيرًا لأَنَّ إِبليسَ عَاشَ نحو مائة ألف سنة أو أكثر أو أقلَ ولا يموتُ إلا يوم النفخة، وحسابُ العباد ليس على القول فقط بل على القَولِ والفِعلِ والاعتِقَادِ وكذلك الإنسُ منهم من عاش ألفي سَنَةٍ ومنهُم من عاشَ ألفًا وزيادة، ومنهم من عاش مئات من السنين فلو كان حِسَابُهُم بالحَرفِ والصوتِ لاستغرقَ حسابُهُم زَمَانًا طويلاً جدًا ولم يكن اللهُ أسرَعُ الحَاسِبينَ بَل لكان أبطأ الحاسبينَ، والله تعالى يقول: ﴿وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَاسِبِينَ﴾، ثُمَّ الحُروفُ تَتَعاقَبُ مهمَا كَانَت سريعةً لأخَذَ شَيئًا مِنَ الوَقتِ. أمَّا الله تعالى فكلامُهُ أزليٌّ أبَديٌّ لَيسَ حَرفًا ولا صوتًا ولا يُبتدأُ ولا يُختَتَمُ ولا يَزيدُ ولا يَنقُصُ، فمعنى قَولِنا القُرءانُ كَلاَمُ اللهِ لَيسَ بمعنى أن اللهَ نَطَقَ بِهِ كما نَحنُ نقرؤه، إِنما معناهُ أنَّهُ يَدُلُ على كلامِ الله الذي لَيسَ حرفًا ولا صوتًا، على هذا المَعنى نَقولُ القرءانُ كَلاَمُ اللهِ.

Among the clearest proofs that the Speech of Allah is not a letter or a sound is the saying of Allah ta^ala in Verse 62 of Surat al-An^am:

﴿ثُمَّ رُدُّو~اْ إِلَى اللهِ مَوْلاَهُمُ الْحَقِّ أَلاَ لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَاسِبِينَ

Allah ta^ala finishes from questioning the slaves in one instance of the posts (mawaqif) of the Day of Judgment. The Day of Judgment is 50,000 years long. The Questioning (Hisab) of the slaves is presenting them with their deeds; they will be brought to account for their deeds.

So had the questioning of the creatures --the humans and jinn been with letter and sound, Allah would not finish from questioning them in one hundred thousand years. This is because the creatures are numerous; the ratio of Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog) compared to the common humans will be hundred to one (100:1) on the Day of Judgment; and in another narration one thousand to one (1000:1). Some of the jinn would live thousands of years, so had the Questioning been with letter and sound, then the Questioning of Iblis alone would take a long time. This is because Iblis has lived about one-hundred-thousand years, maybe more or maybe less; he will not die until the day when Israfil sounds the Horn (as-Sur). The Questioning of the salves will not be only for their sayings; rather it will be for the sayings, acts, and beliefs (convictions).

Also, some of the humans have lived two-thousand years, some of them have lived one-thousand years or more; and some of them have lived hundreds of years. So had their Questioning been with letter and sound, it would take very long time to finish it; this would entail that Allah will not be the fastest One in questioning; He would be the slowest one. This is impossible of course; Allah told us in the Qur’an that He is the fastest One in questioning. Allah ta^ala said:

﴿وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَاسِبِينَ

Also, the letters are successive; no matter how fast one says them they would take time to utter. However, the Speech of Allah is eternal and everlasting, it is neither a letter nor a sound which has a beginning and an end; it does not increase or decrease. The meaning of our saying that the Qur’an is the Speech of Allah is not that Allah uttered it as we read it; rather it is an expression about the Speech of Allah which is not a letter or a sound; this is the interpretation of our saying that the Qur’an is the Speech of Allah.

واللهُ تعالى أسمَعَ جِبريلَ عليه السلام قبل أن يَنزِلَ بالقرءانِ على سَيدنا مُحمَّد كلامًا غير كلامه الأزلي الذي ليس حَرفًا وَلاَ صَوتًا، أسمعَهُ كلامًا مخلوقًا بصوتٍ وحروفٍ متقطعةٍ على ترتيبِ اللفظِ المُنزَلِ وَفَهِمَ مِنهُ هذا اللفظَ المُنزَل، اللهُ تعالى خَلَقَ صوتًا بَحروفِ القُرءانِ فأسمَعَ جِبريلَ ذَلِكَ الصوت وجبريلُ تَلقاهُ وَنَزَلَ بِهِ على سيدنا محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، وكذلك وَجَدَ جبريلُ هذا الصوت الذي سَمِعَهُ مكتوبًا في اللوحِ المحفوظِ.

فَيُفهَمُ مِن هذا أنَّ جبريلَ لَم يَسمَعِ القُرءانَ مِنْ كَلاَمِ اللهِ الأزلي الذي ليس حرفًا ولا صوتًا.

Before Jibril brought down the Qur’an to our Master Muhammad, Allah ta^ala made Jibril, peace be upon him, hear a speech which is not His eternal Speech the one which is not a letter or a sound. Allah made Jibril hear a created speech with a sound and interrupted letters according to the Revealed terms and Jibril understood the Revealed terms from that. Allah ta^ala created a sound encompassing the letters of the Qur’an, so He made Jibril hear this sound; he received it and brought it down to our Master Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam; also Jibril found this sound which he heard written in the Preserved Tablet ( al-Lawh al-Mahfudh).

So it is understood from this that Jibril did not hear the Qur’an through the eternal Speech of Allah, which is not a letter or a sound.

وَلَيسَ معنى ذَلِكَ أَنَّ جِبريلَ لا يَسمَعُ كَلاَمَ اللهِ، بَل جِبريلُ من الملائِكَةِ الَّذينَ يَسمعونَ كَلاَمَ اللهِ ويفهمونَ مِنهُ الأوامر، فَسَمِعَ جِبريلُ كَلاَمَ اللهِ وَفَهِمَ مِنهُ أنَّ اللهَ يأمُرُهُ بأن يَقرأَ ذَلِكَ الصَوتَ الذي سَمِعَهُ مُرتَّبًا بِحُروفِ القرءان على سيدنا محمد، فأنزله على سَيِّدنَا مُحَمَّدٌ مُفَرًقًا على حَسَبِ ما أمَرَهُ الله.

This does not mean that Jibril does not hear the Speech of Allah, rather Jibril is one of the angels, who hear the Speech of Allah and understand from it the orders. Jibril heard the Speech of Allah and understood from it that Allah orders him to recite that sound, which was in the order of the letters of the Qur’an, to our Master Muhammad. So he brought it down to our Master Muhammad according to the order of Allah.

أمَّا الدليلُ على أن العبادَ يَسمَعون كلاَم الله يومِ القِيامَةِ فَمأخوذٌ من حَديثِ رَسولِ الله صلى اللهُ عَليهِ وسلم: "ما منكم من أحَدٍ إلا سَيُكَلِمُه رَبُّه يومَ القيامة ليس بينه وبينه تَرجمانٌ ولا حَاجِبٌ يَحْجُبُهُ" رواه البخاري.

The proof that the slaves will hear the Speech of Allah on the Day of Judgment is taken from the hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam:

"ما منكم من أحَدٍ إلا سَيُكَلِمُه رَبُّه يومَ القيامة ليس بينه وبينه تَرجمانٌ ولا حَاجِبٌ يَحْجُبُهُ"

It means: “All of you will hear the Speech of Allah on the Day of Judgment, there will not be an interpreter to interpret it for you, or a barrier that will veil it from you.” (Narrated by al-Bukhariyy).

ثُمَّ الذي نُؤمِنُ بِهِ هِيَ الكُتُبُ السماوية الأصلية ليس المُحَرَّفَة، اليوم يوجَدُ مع اليهودِ كتابًا يسمونه "التوراة" ومع النصارى كتابًا يسمونه "الإنجيل" هذه لا نُؤمِنُ بِهَا. نُؤمِنُ بِما أُنزِلَ على موسى وعيسى. التوراةُ الأصليُ فيهِ: لا إِلَهَ إِلا الله موسى رسولُ الله، فيهِ أن اللهَ لاَ يُشبِهُ شيئًا.

What we believe in, is the original Divine Books not the perverted ones. Today the Jews have a book which they call “Torah”, and the Christians have a book which they call “the Bible”. We do not believe in these books, rather we believe in what was revealed to Musa and ^Isa. The original Tawrah contains:

“There is no God except Allah, Musa is the Messenger of Allah”, it has the belief that Allah does not resemble anything.

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